The world needs more water - now!
Water scarcity has become one of UN's 17 Sustainable Development Goals for 2030 as rapid industrialization and rising populations in developing countries, combined with depletion of renewable freshwater sources everywhere, make development of new and more efficient water supply sources of the outmost critical importance.
Today, 2+ billion people lack access to safely managed drinking water and more than 120 countries already depend on desalination to supplement their freshwater resources and provide utility water for their populations and agriculture. This will only accelerate rapidly the coming years and decades.
As close to 98% of the world's water resources are saline and are found in oceans and seas, improved desalination technologies providing eco-efficient and affordable desalination of seawater represent an attractive and impact-full contributor to solving the world's water scarcity challenge in the future in many parts of the world. The current state-of-the art desalination technology (reverse osmosis) is very energy-consuming, and thus expensive and non-green, which is a barrier for market growth in most countries.
The water scarcity challenge is not just about providing drinking water to the world's population. Only ~10% of the total water withdrawals are used for domestic water consumption,
hereof 1% for drinking water. Equally, it is because freshwater is used for irrigation
and in agriculture to produce our food; almost 70% of the global water withdrawals
are used in agriculture. Further, industry accounts for~20% of the total water
consumption for manufacturing and energy production, and are in need of
new and improved water consumption solutions.
is used for agriculture
Just 10% of
all water is used for domestic purposes
is used by industry